“… not any” is negative. ANY is not negative!!!
I hear so many non-native English speakers make this mistake:
– Have you got any brothers or sisters?
– No, any ……”any” is NOT negative in this sense.
Generally we can say that:
– “Some” is used in affirmative sentences and
– “Any” is used in negative sentences and in questions
But be CAREFUL! The word “any” is NOT negative.
– Have you got any homework today John?
– No, any This is incorrect.
– No, I have not got any. Here “any” is correct because the verb is negative
– No, none. This is the correct short answer.
Any is used with negative verb forms:
I can’t find anywhere to park my car
Juan hasn’t got any brothers.
Ben didn’t eat anything last Sunday because he had an upset stomach
not + any is negative
The compounds of some and any (somewhere, anywhere, someone, anyone , something, anything etc) function in exactly the same way.
EXCEPTIONS to the basic rules:
It is also possible to use any in affirmative sentences with the sense of an unlimited quantity:
Anybody in the office will give you the information, if you ask. (Here it doesn’t matter who you ask, they all will be able to help you)
– Which pizza do you want?
– I don’t mind, any one will be fine. (Here I don’t mind which of the many pizzas you give me. They all look good)
Some however, is used in a more limited sense:
– Somebody in the office will help you, if you ask. (Here it means that at least one person will be able to help you.)
– Which of the salads are nice?
– Some are very nice, but I don’t like the egg salad or the tuna salad. (I like some of them but not all of them)