Using the Past Perfect

 How we use the Past Perfect

The Past Perfect tells us about something that happened before another time in the past

     When I arrived at the cinema the film had already started

There are two events, here in chronological order:

     The film started (at 8.00 pm)

     I arrived at the cinema (at 8.10 pm)

If we focus our attention on: I arrived at the cinema this will mean that The film started is an action or event anterior to that

Another example would be:

     John first met Lucy at a conference in 1998

     John saw her again at Heathrow airport in London last August

If we focus our attention on last August we would get the following sentence:

     When John saw the tall, elegant woman at Heathrow airport last August, he remembered that he had met her some years before.

Basics of good language learning ….

Past perfect or Past Continuous -Grammar Exercise

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