Comparative and Superlative Adjectives and adverbs in English
We use comparative adjectives to compare people and things:
I am 1 metre 80cm tall; my brother is 1.85m
- My brother is taller than me; or
- I am shorter than my brother.
We use comparative adverbs to compare actions:
John runs 100m in 11.5 seconds; Fred runs 100m in 12.5 seconds
- John runs faster than Fred; or
- Fred runs more slowly than John.
We can also use the form: (not) as + (adjective/adverb) + as
- Fred doesn’t run as fast as John.
- I am not as tall as my brother.
- *** NOTE – we use the normal adjective (fast, tall etc) NOT the comparative adjective (faster, taller etc) in this form
- *** – “not” is used to form a negative verb ( I’m not; he doesn’t etc)
We use the + superlative adjectives and adverbs to say which is the tallest, fastest etc in a group:
Mary has 4 children: Larry is 13 years old, Angela is 11, Veronica is 7 and Mark is 4
- Larry is the oldest in the family; or
- Mark is the youngest.
Gladyce Smith is only 16 years old and has just started at university. She is the most intelligent person I’ve ever met